Creation vs Evolution: Day 5 & 6


Have you noticed how people go crazy over dinosaurs?

People that are obsessed with dinosaurs can join organizations like the Dinosaur Society, where you can learn all about them and also contribute to scientific research. The Society even sponsored a traveling exhibition called The Dinosaurs of Jurassic Park, which featured props from the hit movie.

Hard core fans can travel to Dinosaur Monument in Colorado and Utah. Visitors can see an archaeological dig, camp, and even take an auto tour of the area called “Journey Through Time.”

Even kids are going crazy over dinosaurs. Did you know that Barney has a Web site? I knew that preschool kids here in the United States were crazy about him–who wouldn’t be, a syrupy-sweet purple dinosaur–but did you know that the whole world loves him? According to Barney’s web site, his television show is seen in 50 countries on six continents! I didn’t even know there were that many countries!

As we’ve learned over the last several articles from the book of Genesis, there’s a lot of misinformation about the origin of life and related topics out there. It’s a pretty safe bet that even the creators of Barney know that dinosaurs weren’t really purple. But much of the world–particularly the scientific community–believe that dinosaurs lived and died off long before people lived on Earth.

But can that be verified? How do we know for sure? Have you ever wished that the Bible said something about dinosaurs so we can know what we’re supposed to believe about them? Have you ever felt a little insecure about how dinosaurs and Christianity fit together, if at all?

Well, you may be surprised at this, but I believe the Bible DOES talk about dinosaurs.

In addition to continuing to work our way through the first chapter of Genesis, we’re also going to look at two passages in Job and talk a whole lot about dinosaurs. Be assured, by the way, that we’re not going to say anything more about Barney.

Day 5: Living Creatures And Birds
We’re going to cover the fifth day of creation and part of the sixth day. Let’s start by reading verses 20-23.

Gen. 1:20 And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky.”

Gen. 1:21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

Gen. 1:22 God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.”

Gen. 1:23 And there was evening, and there was morning -the fifth day.

Now that the Lord has carefully and meticulously prepared the Earth for life, He begins the fifth day by speaking the first animals into existence. He creates animals for the seas and the sky–land animals will come on the sixth day.

Notice first of all that this is more bad news for evolutionists who theorize that marine organisms evolved first, followed by plants and finally birds. That’s not what we’ve seen here in Genesis. God, the only eyewitness of the origin of the Earth, says that land plants came first and THEN marine life and birds.

Notice also that verse 21 says that God “created” these creatures. Back in verse 12 , when plant life was made, the phrase that’s used is that the “land produced vegetation.” But not here in verse 21. God “created” these animals. There’s an obvious difference here between plants and animals, but what is it?

While both plants and animals are made up of complex chemical systems, animals have something plants don’t: consciousness. Verse 20 says that these are “LIVING creatures.” The Hebrew word for living is nephesh. It’s interesting to note that that word is translated in other parts of the Bible as “soul” when it’s referring to human beings.

In Genesis 2:7, for instance, when talking about the creation of the first human, Adam, the word nephesh is used and translated as a living being or a living soul.

Animals, then, like humans beings, are unique because they have consciousness. Don’t misunderstand, however, this passage isn’t saying that animals have souls like us in the sense of salvation. What it does mean is that animals are very different than anything else God has created so far, and have far more in common with human beings than anything else on earth. While that’s not really news to us, it’s very interesting to see the distinction that God makes here in this passage.

Also notice that both the fish and marine organisms and birds are created “according to their kinds.” Once again we read something that frustrates evolutionists. These animals didn’t evolve and they don’t evolve into something else. They’re created according to their own kinds. Yes, there are many varieties of dogs, but they’re all from the same “kind” or species.

Day 5: Great Creatures Of The Sea
Let’s look at the animals that are found in the water, what verse 21 calls the “great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems.”

Most commentators believe that God created everything that lives in the water at this point: fish and other marine organisms. And let’s not overlook the words “Let the water TEEM with living creatures.” God didn’t just create a few animals, but the water is filled with newly-created life. The King James Version uses the word “abundantly.”

Don’t get concerned that God doesn’t name every single kind of fish and creature–just like He didn’t name every single kind of vegetation on the third day. Remember that God’s giving us the big picture, and instead of giving several pages of in-depth scientific descriptions of all the kinds of water animals, He keeps it simple.

While the NIV uses the words “great creatures” in verse 21, the King James Version uses the words “great whales” and the New American Standard Bible uses the phrase “great sea monsters.”

Dragons And Dinosaurs
What are these things? Are they whales, big fish or what? Interestingly enough, the Hebrew word used here–tannin–is translated elsewhere in Scripture as “dragon.”

Here’s what Dr. Henry Morris, from the Institute for Creation Research, says about that Hebrew word.

“Evidently the term includes all large sea-creatures, even the monsters of the past that are now extinct. The frequent references to dragons in the Bible, as well as in the early records and traditions of most of the nations of antiquity, certainly cannot be shrugged off as mere fairy tales. Most probably they represent memories of dinosaurs handed down by tribal ancestors who encountered them before they became extinct.”

That’s right, you read right. Dr. Morris (and other commentators as well) believes that these “great creatures” or “great whales” or “great sea monsters” were dinosaurs! I believe that as well. Creationists certainly agree that there used to be dinosaurs. Evolutionists aren’t the only ones who have concluded that from the fossil records. Creation scientists do as well.

While evolutionists believe that dinosaurs lived and died off something like 65 million years before humans evolved, creation scientists believe that dinosaurs and humans lived at the same time. And I believe that’s what this passage is saying. God created dinosaurs, along with the other animal life of the sea. In fact, I believe that land-based dinosaurs can be found in verse 24 where it says “wild animals” or “beasts of the earth.”

I don’t want to jump ahead of the text too far, but let’s go ahead and explore this idea about dinosaurs. Let’s look at Job 41 and read about a creature called a Leviathan. Every time the word Leviathan is mentioned in Scripture it refers to a large, very strong sea creature.

Ps. 104:25 There is the sea, vast and spacious, teeming with creatures beyond number – living things both large and small.

Ps. 104:26 There the ships go to and fro, and the leviathan, which you formed to frolic there.

Isa. 27:1 In that day, the LORD will punish with his sword, his fierce, great and powerful sword, Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea.

In the passage I just read, it refers to the Leviathan as a “monster,” but the King James Version uses the word “dragon.”

Job 41:1-34 is a long passage, but hang in there. I think you’ll find it interesting. This is God rebuking Job.

Job 41:1 “Can you pull in the leviathan with a fishhook or tie down his tongue with a rope?
Job 41:2 Can you put a cord through his nose or pierce his jaw with a hook?
Job 41:3 Will he keep begging you for mercy? Will he speak to you with gentle words?
Job 41:4 Will he make an agreement with you for you to take him as your slave for life?
Job 41:5 Can you make a pet of him like a bird or put him on a leash for your girls?
Job 41:6 Will traders barter for him? Will they divide him up among the merchants?
Job 41:7 Can you fill his hide with harpoons or his head with fishing spears?
Job 41:8 If you lay a hand on him, you will remember the struggle and never do it again!
Job 41:9 Any hope of subduing him is false; the mere sight of him is overpowering.
Job 41:10 No one is fierce enough to rouse him. Who then is able to stand against me?
Job 41:11 Who has a claim against me that I must pay? Everything under heaven belongs to me.
Job 41:12 “I will not fail to speak of his limbs, his strength and his graceful form.
Job 41:13 Who can strip off his outer coat? Who would approach him with a bridle?
Job 41:14 Who dares open the doors of his mouth, ringed about with his fearsome teeth?
Job 41:15 His back has rows of shields tightly sealed together;
Job 41:16 each is so close to the next that no air can pass between.
Job 41:17 They are joined fast to one another; they cling together and cannot be parted.
Job 41:18 His snorting throws out flashes of light; his eyes are like the rays of dawn.
Job 41:19 Firebrands stream from his mouth; sparks of fire shoot out.
Job 41:20 Smoke pours from his nostrils as from a boiling pot over a fire of reeds.
Job 41:21 His breath sets coals ablaze, and flames dart from his mouth.
Job 41:22 Strength resides in his neck; dismay goes before him.
Job 41:23 The folds of his flesh are tightly joined; they are firm and immovable.
Job 41:24 His chest is hard as rock, hard as a lower millstone.
Job 41:25 When he rises up, the mighty are terrified; they retreat before his thrashing.
Job 41:26 The sword that reaches him has no effect, nor does the spear or the dart or the javelin.
Job 41:27 Iron he treats like straw and bronze like rotten wood.
Job 41:28 Arrows do not make him flee; slingstones are like chaff to him.
Job 41:29 A club seems to him but a piece of straw; he laughs at the rattling of the lance.
Job 41:30 His undersides are jagged potsherds, leaving a trail in the mud like a threshing sledge.
Job 41:31 He makes the depths churn like a boiling caldron and stirs up the sea like a pot of ointment.
Job 41:32 Behind him he leaves a glistening wake; one would think the deep had white hair.
Job 41:33 Nothing on earth is his equal – a creature without fear.
Job 41:34 He looks down on all that are haughty; he is king over all that are proud.”

I know that was a long passage, but I wanted you to get a good feel for this animal and what it’s like.

Some commentators believe this is a crocodile which has a scaly hide and sharp teeth and which is fast in the water, but crocodiles aren’t sea creatures. Other people think this is a killer whale or a great white shark, but those animals don’t have the scaly hide or rows of shields that are described here. This is a large, fierce animal that, if read literally, breathes fire and whose breath “sets coals ablaze.” Verse 21 says that “flames dart from his mouth.”

No crocodile or whale or shark can breathe fire. But were there really dragons and could dinosaurs breathe fire?

Did you know that scientists have found skulls of dinosaurs that have something like a bump on the top of the head? The bumps or crests were hollow and connected to the dinosaur’s nose by tubes. We can’t say for sure, of course, but some scientists believe that gases could have been mixed together inside the bump which would then travel through the tube into the dinosaur’s nose. When the gases left the nose and were exposed to the air, they would essentially explode.

Creation scientists point out that three dinosaurs–Corythosaurus, Lambeosaurus and Parasaurolophus–all had hollow, bony structures on the top of their heads, connected by tubes to their nostrils. Scientists believe that all three split their time between water and land. What little we know about them sounds similar to what we read about the Leviathan in Job 41. We can’t be sure, of course.

For those of you who might think that dragons are nothing but myths and nonsense, think about the bombardier beetle. The beetle, which is about one-half inch long, has a very powerful weapon to fight off his enemies. You know what he does? As you might guess from his name, bombardier, the beetle “bombs” his enemies–he shoots gases out of two tubes which explode in the face of whatever’s trying to hurt him.

It’s fascinating how God designed this beetle. Inside of the beetle’s body are two storage chambers where two chemicals are kept–hydrogen peroxide and hydroquinone. Those two chemicals are explosive together, however, so the beetle also has another chemical called an inhibitor in his storage chambers. This inhibitor somehow prevents the first two chemicals from reacting together so there’s no explosion. Otherwise the beetle would be blown to smithereens!

But when an enemy sneaks up behind him, the chemicals in his storage chamber moves into two combustion, or firing, tubes in his tail. As the chemicals are squirted through those firing tubes, two more chemicals–enzymes called catalase and peroxidase–neutralize the inhibitor.

And when the inhibitor is neutralized, the two chemicals from the storage chamber can now mix and the result is an explosion right in the face of the beetle’s enemy. Scientists have discovered that the chemical reaction heats the whole gaseous mixture to 212 degrees Fahrenheit!

This is certainly not definitive proof that dinosaurs, sometimes referred to as dragons, could breathe fire. But if God’s designed a half-inch insect that exists right now to shoot an explosive chemical mixture, it’s easy to see how it can be possible in a much larger animal.

By the way, the bombardier beetle is an outstanding example of how evolution doesn’t make sense. Could this amazing and ingenious defense mechanism been caused by chance or natural processes? It’s a ridiculous thought!

In terms of dragon legends, they’re very common. When Alexander the Great and his army invaded India, it’s said that they found the Indians worshipping huge hissing reptiles that were kept in caves. Aristotle said it was common knowledge during his time that dragon-like creatures lived in Ethiopia. The Chinese are well known for including dragons in books and artwork.

In ancient Babylon there’s the famous story about Gilgamesh around 3,000 BC, who kills a dragon by cutting its head off. There are well-documented dragon legends from all over the world, including Africa, Scandinavia, Italy, France, Ireland and the Middle East.

These legends or tradition certainly aren’t definitive proof of dragons, or fire-breathing dinosaurs, ever existed. Not at all. But like most things, there’s usually an element of truth in those kinds of stories, especially when those legends can be found from different cultures all over the world. It’s reasonable to conclude that they are based on at least some kind of fact.

Dr. Duane Gish, of the Institute for Creation Research, says this:

“It cannot be an accident that so many separate peoples of the world tell such stories.”

It’s also interesting to note that dragons were described in reputable zoological publications during the Middle Ages. A 1500s European scientific book called Historia Animalium, listed several animals that can easily be considered dinosaurs. In 1572 naturalist Ulysses Aldrovandus recorded the encounter between a man named Baptista and a dragon which fits the description of the dinosaur Tanystropheaus.

It’s apparent that many–if not all–of these descriptions of “dragons” could also use the word dinosaur. The words dragon and dinosaur appear to be describing the same thing. In fact, the 1949 Encyclopedia Britannica said that dinosaurs were “astonishingly dragonlike.”

I believe that there is also a description of a land-based dinosaur in the Bible. Let’s look at the previous chapter, Job 40:15-24.

Job 40:15 “Look at the behemoth, which I made along with you and which feeds on grass like an ox.
Job 40:16 What strength he has in his loins, what power in the muscles of his belly!
Job 40:17 His tail sways like a cedar; the sinews of his thighs are close-knit.
Job 40:18 His bones are tubes of bronze, his limbs like rods of iron.
Job 40:19 He ranks first among the works of God, yet his Maker can approach him with his sword.
Job 40:20 The hills bring him their produce, and all the wild animals play nearby.
Job 40:21 Under the lotus plants he lies, hidden among the reeds in the marsh.
Job 40:22 The lotuses conceal him in their shadow; the poplars by the stream surround him.
Job 40:23 When the river rages, he is not alarmed; he is secure, though the Jordan should surge against his mouth.
Job 40:24 Can anyone capture him by the eyes, or trap him and pierce his nose?

The word “behemoth” in verse 15 is a generic term used in the Old Testament for large cattle or land animals. But this passage is clearly talking about an extraordinary animal. Some people believe that it’s referring to a hippopotamus or an elephant, but verse 17 describes a tail like a cedar tree. Hippos and elephants have relatively small tails, certainly not like a cedar tree’s!

Verse 19 says that this animal “ranks first among the works of God,” and verse 23 says that a raging river doesn’t faze it at all. This isn’t a run of the mill animal, nothing like what we’d see in a zoo.

Whether you agree with me and some commentators that these animals described in Job are dinosaurs isn’t important. What IS important, however, is that we know that God made all animals on days five and six. We also know from fossil findings and the strong implication from legends, that dinosaurs used to live here on Earth.

We can therefore conclude that God made dinosaurs along with all of the other animals. And that means, of course, that unlike what evolutionists tell us, human beings and dinosaurs lived at the same time! That would certainly explain all of the legends and historical accounts that are out there.

Most scientists–particularly evolutionists–claim that dinosaurs became extinct about 65 million years before humans appeared on Earth, in what they call the Cretaceous Period of the Mesozoic Era. Unfortunately, this is often stated as fact when, as we discussed earlier, things that happened that long ago can never be verified or proven. They’re a matter of history more than science.

What about the legends that seem to show that humans and dinosaurs may have co-existed? And what about more recent accounts of what appear to be dinosaurs?

In June 1981, Science Digest said that explorers and natives in Africa had reported sightings of dinosaur-like creatures. Some people have even speculated that the Loch Ness monster could be a dinosaur, probably a Plesiosaur.

One of the most spectacular findings of all was in 1977. A Japanese fishing ship caught the decaying body of a huge, reptile-like creature near New Zealand. Unfortunately, they threw it overboard because of its horrible smell. They took photographs, measurements and tissue samples, however, and scientists believe it could very well have been a Plesiosauras. I

The Japanese were so overwhelmed by their finding, that they put the image of the creature on a postage stamp which honored it as the scientific discovery of the year. I’ve seen a photograph of the carcass and I’ve never seen anything like it before.

Despite these very interesting reports, both evolution and creation scientists agree that dinosaurs, if not extinct, are at the very least essentially extinct. The scientists disagree, however, on whether dinosaurs lived alongside people at all. Creation scientists, of course, say that they did.

Since God made all of the animals during the creation week, and since we know that dinosaurs really existed, then we conclude that at least ancient people lived at the same time. We can say with confidence that Adam, Eve and Job all saw these huge creatures.

Noah And The Ark
If dinosaurs lived alongside man, it’s reasonable to assume that Noah also saw them, because he would have included them on his ark so that they survived the flood.

Gen. 6:19 You are to bring into the ark two of all living creatures, male and female, to keep them alive with you.

It’s a shame we don’t have time here to go into more detail about Noah’s ark and how it could have been possible.

Noah’s ark was as long as 1 1/2 football fields and had two levels. Henry Morris and John Whitcomb, in their classic book called The Genesis Flood, estimated that fewer than 75,000 individual animals would have been needed on the ark. They estimated that those animals could have fit on only one level of the ark, leaving plenty of room for food and Noah and his family.

And let’s not forget that it was unlikely that huge, older dinosaurs would have been taken along–younger, smaller dinosaurs just entering their reproductive primes would have been ideal. Finally, let’s also not forget that there were many dinosaurs that were relatively small–one as small as a chicken and another the size of an ostrich. Very few dinosaurs were as large as the ones made famous in movies like Jurassic Park.

Since dinosaurs would have survived the flood, like all other land animals, this would certainly help explain all of the legends about dragons and dinosaurs up until recent time.

Fate Of The Dinosaurs
But what happened to the dinosaurs? Why aren’t they still around, at least in large numbers?

There are numerous theories, none of which, of course, can be proven. Some people say that dinosaurs died off because of their small brains, that other animals ate all of the dinosaur eggs, or disease, glandular trouble or cosmic rays did them in. All of the theories have flaws. One of the most recent ideas is that a comet or asteroid hit the Earth.

The most prevalent current belief is that there was a dramatic change in the Earth’s weather which dinosaurs couldn’t cope with.

Specifics about why the climate changed and what happened will never be known. But here’s what many creation scientists believe, using the Bible as their guide.

Shortly after being created on the fifth and sixth days of creation, the dinosaurs did what everyone else on Earth at the time did: they began to populate the planet. The geography of the Earth was almost certainly much different back then, as we discussed earlier. There was vegetation all over the Earth and ample food for everyone. There weren’t any deserts or mountains, and there was virtually a perfect climate because of the vapor canopy that’s strongly implied back in verse six to eight. Remember, that’s the water that was separated by the expanse from the water on the surface of the Earth.

So if everything was so good, what happened? Unfortunately, sin came into the world because of Adam and Eve, and as we saw earlier, God decided to flood the Earth.

In addition to 40 days and 40 nights of continuous rain, massive amounts of water that was under the surface of the Earth burst through and contributed to the catastrophe. For this to happen, the crust of the Earth must have risen and fallen like what we would normally call an earthquake. Some scientists think lava came to the surface as well.

The flood eventually ended, however, after destroying what Scripture says as every living thing except Noah and everyone on the ark.

Think about what Noah and the animals would have found when they finally left the ark after almost a year.

The Earth no longer had its protective vapor canopy–God had allowed everything to fall to Earth in the form of rain. And if there was no more vapor canopy, nothing in the upper atmosphere to retain heat, then the climate had changed dramatically. Colder weather in the northern hemisphere and warmer weather in the southern hemisphere, wide variations in temperature, and more radiation from the sun reaching the Earth. For the first time ever, there was the possibility of things like tornadoes, hurricanes and blizzards. There’s no question that life would have much different. It would have been much harder to survive.

The geography of the Earth was probably much different too. Plant life had been largely wiped out, so it would take awhile to replenish even a part of the food supply. Even given time to grow back, though, plant life would never be the same. There was no more greenhouse-like situation. No more lush vegetation everywhere you looked. Now plant life was dependent largely on rain instead of rivers, underground springs and dew. There was likely less dry land and more bodies of water. For the first time ever, food wasn’t abundant. Hunger and starvation were all too real.

Maybe that’s why God tells Noah in Genesis 9:3, for the first time in human history, that it was okay to eat meat.

Gen. 9:3 Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything.

Not only were animals now competing to survive with other animals, now they were also in competition with human beings. Whether that’s when animals began eating meat as well is unknown. Verse two of Genesis 9 strongly implies that up until the time after the flood, animals didn’t fear humans. There was no reason to.

Gen. 9:2 The fear and dread of you will fall upon all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air, upon every creature that moves along the ground, and upon all the fish of the sea; they are given into your hands.

As if this all of these changes weren’t enough, many creation scientists believe that an ice age followed the flood. Creation scientists theorize that this happened at least partially because of all of the turmoil from losing the vapor canopy and dramatic changes in the surface of the Earth.

During this period of time, which probably lasted several hundred years–not the millions as proposed by evolutionists–a huge continental sheet of ice, somewhere in the area between northeast Canada and Greenland, swept down into North America. Similar sheets of ice descended on northern Europe and parts of the southern hemisphere. Places like Greenland, which had been a tropical paradise of sorts, was now frozen.

How did all of this happen? Ken Ham, Andrew Snelling and Carl Wieland say this in their book, The Answers Book:

“Of the possible mechanisms that triggered the Ice Age, the precipitation of the water vapor blanket at the outset of the flood most certainly did occur, and in so doing gradually dissipated the greenhouse effect so that the Arctic and Antarctic zones grew bitterly cold. During and immediately after the flood, the tremendous heat energy released from the depths would have evaporated great quantities of water, much of which was transported to the polar regions by the newly developing post-flood atmospheric circulation, where it fell as great quantities of snow. Soon, the accumulating snow pack would have become an ice sheet, which would have radiated out from its center.”

Could the following Bible references be talking about an Ice Age? Or is it winter as we know it? You decide.

Job 37:9-10 The tempest comes out from its chamber, the cold from the driving winds. The breath of God produces ice, and the broad waters become frozen.

Job 38:22-23 “Have you entered the storehouses of the snow or seen the storehouses of the hail, which I reserve for times of trouble, for days of war and battle?

Job 38:29-30 From whose womb comes the ice? Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens when the waters become hard as stone, when the surface of the deep is frozen?

The ice never covered the entire Earth, however. It probably only covered no more than one third of the planet’s surface. Humans and animals were still alive, although life on Earth had changed dramatically. There’s a lot of evidence that human life lived south of these ice sheets, although some of that area had changed from lush places with plant life to deserts. Much hotter temperatures would have done that. The Earth, then, was largely a planet with two extremes.

Over time the ice sheets melted, most likely due to the ever increasing emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which results in warmer temperatures. Carbon dioxide would have increased, at least in part, by the steady increase in size and quantity of plant life after the flood.

Given this scenario, it’s easy to see how dinosaurs could have eventually died off, or largely died off. It’s interesting to note that many, many animals (not to mention plant life) has become extinct since the flood. Some scientists estimate that almost 400 species have disappeared in the last 350 years alone.

Environmentalists have recently estimated that one or more species of animals or plants is lost every day.

Well, we’ve spent enough time talking about dinosaurs. Let’s return to our text in Genesis 1 and finish up.

After creating sea creatures and birds, God says in verse 21 that “it was good.”

Be Fruitful And Multiply
In verse 22 we find the first blessing of the Bible. God blesses the water life and birds that He’s just created, and tells them to be “fruitful and multiply.”

The only way they can be fruitful and multiply is if they have reproductive organs and if they’re mature enough to use those capabilities. Once again we see how God has created things that can perpetuate themselves. Remember how He created plant life with seeds? And once again we see how God created these animals in maturity–there aren’t any babies here. These animals have the ability to reproduce right now.

The description of the fifth day of creation ends just like the previous ones. God says that all of this activity took place in a 24-hour day: “there was evening, and there was morning–the fifth day.”

Day 6: Land Animals
Now let’s look at the first part of the sixth day of creation. Verses 24-25.

Gen. 1:24 And God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind.” And it was so.

Gen. 1:25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.

In verse 24 we see that God brings land creatures into existence.

Like the fish and marine life and birds, land animals are “LIVING creatures.” They have consciousness as well, unlike plant life.

The “livestock” or “cattle” probably refers to animals that can be domesticated. “Creatures that move along the ground” or “creeping things” are small animals that crawl or stay close to the ground. It probably also includes insects. And “wild animals” or “beast of the earth” refers to large, undomesticated animals. As we just found out, the latter category includes dinosaurs. The order of the category of land animals is different in verse 25 which tells us that God brought all of them into existence at the same time.

Once again, for those of you may be frustrated by the lack of detail, remember that God is giving us an overview of creation. He’s not interested in providing us with a bunch of scientific terms or a comprehensive list of every kind of animal just like it’s listed in our man-made taxonomic system. The Bible is a book written for all people during all times of history. It’s not a science book.

And as before, these animals were “according to their kinds.” They were designed to reproduce themselves, not evolve into a totally different species.

At the end of verse 25, God says “it was good.”

As we wrap things up, we’ve seen that God created all of the animals, all according to their kinds, and all capable of reproducing themselves. There’s no room for evolution here. God created them intact and instantly. They didn’t evolve over millions of years.

We’ve also talked about how dinosaurs were also made by God and that they lived alongside humans. That means, of course, that dinosaurs didn’t die off millions of years ago but thousands of years ago.

We’ve even explored the idea of dinosaurs being fire-breathing dinosaurs, dinosaurs that may very well be described in Job 40 and 41.

Maybe the most important thing that we can carry away from this article is that when it comes to dinosaurs and the Bible, there’ no contradiction. We don’t need to feel unsure about how dinosaurs and Christianity fit together.

They fit together just fine.

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